Inhibitory Control of Feature Selectivity in an Object Motion Sensitive Circuit of the Retina

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Object motion sensitive (OMS) W3-retinal ganglion cells (W3-RGCs) in mice respond to local movements in a visual scene but remain silent during self-generated global image motion. The excitatory inputs that drive responses of W3-RGCs to local motion were recently characterized, but which inhibitory neurons suppress W3-RGCs’ responses to global motion, how these neurons encode motion information, and how their connections are organized along the excitatory circuit axis remains unknown. Here, we find that a genetically identified amacrine cell (AC) type, TH2-AC, exhibits fast responses to global motion and slow responses to local motion. Optogenetic stimulation shows that TH2-ACs provide strong GABAA receptor-mediated input to W3-RGCs but only weak input to upstream excitatory neurons. Cell-type-specific silencing reveals that temporally coded inhibition from TH2-ACs cancels W3-RGC spike responses to global but not local motion stimuli and, thus, controls the feature selectivity of OMS signals sent to the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1343-1350
Number of pages8
JournalCell Reports
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - May 16 2017

Keywords

  • amacrine cell
  • feature selectivity
  • object motion
  • retina
  • surround inhibition
  • temporal coding

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