Inhibition of the cysteine proteinases cathepsins K and L by the serpin headpin (SERPINB13): A kinetic analysis

Arumugam Jayakumar, Ya'an Kang, Mitchell J. Frederick, Stephen C. Pak, Ying Henderson, Paula R. Holton, Kenji Mitsudo, Gary A. Silverman, Adel K. EL-Naggar, Dieter Brömme, Gary L. Clayman

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Headpin (SERPINB13) is a novel member of the serine proteinase inhibitor (Serpin) gene family that was originally cloned from a keratinocyte cDNA library. Western blot analysis using a headpin-specific antiserum recognized a protein with the predicted Mr of 44kDa in lysates derived from a transformed keratinocyte cell line known to express headpin mRNA. Similarity of the reactive-site loop (RSL) domain of headpin, notably at the P1-P1′ residues, with other serpins that inhibit cysteine and serine proteinases suggests that headpin may inhibit similar proteinases. This study demonstrates that recombinant headpin indeed inhibits cathepsins K and L, but not chymotrypsin, elastase, trypsin, subtilisin A, urokinase-type plasminogen activator, plasmin, or thrombin. The second-order rate constants (ka) for the inhibitory reactions of rHeadpin with cathepsins K and L were 5.1±0.6×104 and 4.1±0.8×104M-1s-1, respectively. Headpin formed SDS-stable complexes with cathepsins K and L, a characteristic property of inhibitory serpins. Interactions of the RSL domain of headpin with cathepsins K and L were indicated by cleavage of headpin near the predicted P1-P1′ residues by these proteinases. These results demonstrate that the serpin headpin possesses specificity for inhibiting lysosomal cysteine proteinases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-374
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2003


  • Cysteine proteinases
  • Headpin
  • Insect cells
  • Proteinase inhibition
  • Serine proteinase inhibitor


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