Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis in brain of rat by dexamethasone: Lack of effect of dexamethasone phosphate ester and various hormonal steroids

J. Weidenfeld, Y. Abu-Amer, E. Shohami

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12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study was designed in order to characterize the inhibitory effect of dexamethasone upon the synthesis of prostaglandins (PG) in the brain of the rat. Rats were treated with dexamethasone (20 mg/kg b.w.) and sacrificed 0-76 hr after administration of the drug. The rate of synthesis and release of PGE2 was followed by 1 hr of incubation of slices of cortex taken from these rats, in Krebs-Ringer solution. A significant inhibition occurred at 8 hr and maximal inhibition (45%) was attained at 16 hr after injection. A gradual increase in the rate of synthesis up to control values occurred between 24 and 76 hr. A dose-response study, at the range of 2-40 mg/kg, showed that a significant decrease was noted at 6 mg/kg and it was maximal (45% inhibition) at 20 and 40 mg/kg. Administration of dexamethasone-sodium-phosphate, as well as other synthetic glucocorticoids and various steroidal hormones (20 μM), failed to inhibit the biosynthesis of prostaglandins under the same experimental conditions. The effect of dexamethasone and dexamethasone phosphate on synthesis of PGE2 was also studied under in vitro conditions at 5 and 20μM. When slices of cortex from intact rats were incubated for 1 or 2hr in the presence of either dexamethasone or dexamethasone phosphate only dexamethasone was effective in inhibiting the synthesis of PGE2. The present results demonstrate that the inhibition of the synthesis of prostaglandins in brain by dexamethasone is both time- and dose-dependent. The lack of effect of closely related glucocorticoids demonstrate that the effect is highly specific to dexamethasone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1295-1299
Number of pages5
JournalNeuropharmacology
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1988

Keywords

  • brain
  • dexamethasone
  • dexamethasone-phosphate
  • prostaglandins
  • steroid hormones

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