Inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase ameliorates rat lung allograft rejection

Takeshi Shiraishi, Steven R. DeMeester, Neil K. Worrall, Jon H. Ritter, Thomas P. Misko, T. Bruce Ferguson, Joel D. Cooper, G. Alexander Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Recently, the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase has been shown to be an important immunomodulation molecule in allograft rejection. We have observed the production of nitric oxide during rejection and the effect of nitric oxide synthase inhibition on allograft rejection in a rat lung transplant model. Rat left lung allotransplants were performed in two strain combinations: brown Norway-to-F344 (major histocompatibility complex incompatible); and Lewis-to-F344 (minor loci incompatible) as severe and mild rejection models respectively. Syngeneic F344-to-F344 transplants were performed as a negative control. Nitric oxide production during rejection was determined by measuring the recipient's serum nitrite/nitrate levels as a stable end product of nitric oxide. The progression of rejection was evaluated radiographically and the grade of rejection was determined histologically. After operation, recipients of allotransplantation were randomly divided into two groups and received either aminoguanidine (200 mg/kg, intraperitoneal every 6 hours), a potent inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, or normal saline treatment. The levels of serum nitrite and nitrate in recipients increased in the early phase of rejection in both allotransplant combinations. However, in the terminal phase of rejection, the serum nitrite/nitrate level decreased significantly compared with the peak level in the brown Norway-to-F344 recipients. The serum nitrite/nitrate levels in the syngeneic transplant recipients were normal during the entire observation period. In aminoguanidine-treated animals, serum nitrite/nitrate levels remained normal in both allograft combinations. Significant suppression of rejection in aminoguanidine-treated recipients was observed histologically and radiographically in comparison with untreated recipients in the brown Norway-to-F344 combination. In the Lewis-to-F344 combination, aminoguanidine treatment significantly ameliorated histologic rejection but did not affect radiologic appearance. We therefore conclude nitric oxide is produced during early allograft rejection and may prove to be a marker and mediator of early rejection. The inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase results in significant reduction in rat lung allograft rejection. (J THORAC CARDIOVASC SURG 1995;110:1449-60).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1449-1460
Number of pages12
JournalThe Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1995


Dive into the research topics of 'Inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase ameliorates rat lung allograft rejection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this