Inhibition of human bone marrow lymphoid progenitor colonies by antibodies to VLA integrins

D. H. Ryan, B. L. Nuccie, C. N. Abboud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies in animal models suggest that the integrin adhesion protein VLA-4 may play an important role in lymphopoiesis. The relationship between cell adhesion and lymphopoiesis in humans has been difficult to study because of the relative rarity and stringent in vitro growth requirements of lymphoid progenitors from normal adult human bone marrow. To determine the functional significance of VLA-4-mediated adhesion in human lymphopoiesis, we developed a culture system in which a bone marrow-derived adherent layer supports the formation of colonies of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-positive lymphoid precursor cells from normal adult human bone marrow. Limiting dilution studies were consistent with clonal origin of these colonies. CFU- TdT were enriched in the CD34+ bone marrow fraction, consistent with CD34 expression by other hematopoietic progenitors. CD34 expression and lack of lineage-specific markers in a significant proportion of the TdT+ colony cells suggest that the TdT+ CFU may represent an uncommitted lymphoid progenitor cell. Development of TdT+ colonies required direct contact with the adherent layer and was significantly inhibited by specific anti-VLA-4 α chain antibody, suggesting a functional role for the previously reported VLA- 4-dependent adhesion of human B cell precursors to bone marrow-derived fibroblasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3759-3764
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume149
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1992

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