Inhibition of caspases prevents ototoxic and ongoing hair cell death

Jonathan I. Matsui, Judith M. Ogilvie, Mark E. Warchol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sensory hair cells die after acoustic trauma or ototoxic insults, but the signal transduction pathways that mediate hair cell death are not known. Here we identify several important signaling events that regulate the death of vestibular hair cells. Chick utricles were cultured in media supplemented with the ototoxic antibiotic neomycin and selected pharmacological agents that influence signaling molecules in cell death pathways. Hair cells that were treated with neomycin exhibited classically defined apoptotic morphologies such as condensed nuclei and fragmented DNA. Inhibition of protein synthesis (via treatment with cycloheximide) increased hair cell survival after treatment with neomycin, suggesting that hair cell death requires de novo protein synthesis. Finally, the inhibition of caspases promoted hair cell survival after neomycin treatment. Sensory hair cells in avian vestibular organs also undergo continual cell death and replacement throughout mature life. It is unclear whether the loss of hair cells stimulates the proliferation of supporting cells or whether the production of new cells triggers the death of hair cells. We examined the effects of caspase inhibition on spontaneous hair cell death in the chick utricle. Caspase inhibitors reduced the amount of ongoing hair cell death and ongoing supporting cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. In isolated sensory epithelia, however, caspase inhibitors did not affect supporting cell proliferation directly. Our data indicate that ongoing hair cell death stimulates supporting cell proliferation in the mature utricle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1218-1227
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2002

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Auditory
  • Caspase inhibitors
  • Hair cell
  • Proliferation
  • Regeneration
  • Tissue culture
  • Vestibular

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