Influence des régimes végétariens sur le statut nutritionnel et métabolique et le risque de malades chroniques

Translated title of the contribution: Influence of vegetarian diets on the nutritional and metabolic status, and their association with non-communicable diseases

A. Oussalah, R. M. Rodriguez-Guéant, D. H. Alpers, J. L. Guéant

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Vegetarian diets have been proposed as a nutritional approach that can potentially reduce the risk of chronic non-communicable diseases. In addition, there is strong societal pressure to reduce food of animal origin from food consumption in Western countries. Comparing the health effects of vegetarian and omnivorous diets is therefore an important topical question, to which we are trying to provide an answer based on meta-analyzes published on this subject. Vegetarian diets are associated with a lower concentration of total blood cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol, and have no effect on triglyceride levels. They increase the risk of vitamin B12 deficiency, mainly in infants of vegetarian mothers, pregnant women and the elderly and decrease the iron stores evaluated by ferritin. On the other hand, there is a protective effect of vegetarian diets on the risk of pathological obesity, of the other components of the metabolic syndrome including diabetes and hypertension and on the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Study of the effects on cancer risk has produced conflicting results. The exhaustive review of the literature shows that there are very limited data on the effects of vegetarian diets for omega-3 fatty acids, iodine, calcium, vitamin B12 and vitamin D and the comparison with the Mediterranean diet. The effect of vegetarian diets on age groups also requires special attention.

Translated title of the contributionInfluence of vegetarian diets on the nutritional and metabolic status, and their association with non-communicable diseases
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)30-35
Number of pages6
JournalBulletin de l'Academie Nationale de Medecine
Volume205
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Obesity
  • Obésité
  • Risque cardiovasculaire
  • Régimes végétariens
  • Vegetarian diets
  • Vitamin B12
  • Vitamine B12
  • diabetes
  • diabète

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of vegetarian diets on the nutritional and metabolic status, and their association with non-communicable diseases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this