Influence of percutaneous transluminal coronary rotational atherectomy with adjunctive percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty on coronary blood flow

Alexander F. Khoury, Frank V. Aguirre, Richard G. Bach, Eugene A. Caracciolo, Thomas J. Donohue, Thomas Wolford, Carol Mechem, Steven C. Herrmann, Morton J. Kern

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of sequential percutaneous transluminal coronary rotational atherectomy (PTCRA) and coronary angioplasty on coronary blood flow and flow reserve in patients. Rotational coronary atherectomy restores lumen patency by partially ablating fibrocalcific plaque, releasing microparticulate debris into the distal coronary circulation. Adjunctive balloon angioplasty is usually performed to optimize the angiographic luminal dimensions. Serial alterations in coronary physiology have not been reported. Fourteen lesions in 13 patients were treated by sequential rotational atherectomy followed by adjunctive balloon angioplasty. Poststenotic baseline coronary blood flow velocity was measured by using a Doppler flow wire (FloWire, Cardiometrics, Inc., Mountain View, Calif.), and coronary blood flow was calculated by using the distal vessel cross-sectional area obtained by quantitative coronary angiography. Data were acquired at baseline and during hyperemia (12 to 18 μg of intracoronary adenosine), before and after PTCRA, and again after balloon angioplasty. The mean stenosis decreased from 76% ± 12% at baseline to 21% ± 11% at the completion of the procedure (p < 0.01). The minimal luminal diameter (by quantitative coronary angiography) was 0.7 ± 0.4 mm at baseline, increased to 1.9 ± 0.4 mm after rotational atherectomy (p < 0.01), and increased to 2.4 ± 0.5 mm after balloon angioplasty (p < 0.01 versus baseline and PTCRA). Distal (poststenotic) coronary blood flow at baseline was 47 ± 23 ml/min and 57 ± 38 ml/min during hyperemia. After PTCRA, coronary blood flow increased to 104 ± 59 ml/min and to 132 ± 73 ml/min with hyperemia. After adjunctive angioplasty, coronary blood flow was 84 ± 40 ml/min (p = not significant [NS] vs PTCRA) and increased to 143 ± 81 ml/min with hyperemia (p = NS vs PTCRA). The poststenotic coronary flow reserve increased from an initial value of 1.1 ± 0.2 ml/min to 1.3 ± 0.3 ml/min after PTCRA (p = NS vs baseline) and to 1.6 ± 0.3 ml/min after adjunctive balloon angioplasty (p < 0.01 vs baseline; p = NS vs PTCRA). PTCRA significantly increased resting coronary blood flow. Adjunctive balloon angioplasty did not significantly augment resting or hyperemic coronary blood flow more than that achieved by rotational atherectomy alone. These data demonstrate that PTCRA alone improves baseline coronary blood flow with minimal additional physiologic change after adjunctive balloon angioplasty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631-638
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume131
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

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