To test the hypothesis that hand-carried ultrasound (HCU) may influence patient treatment on consultative cardiology rounds, 235 patients who were hospitalized (aged 65 ± 10 years) were studied. First, routine treatment decisions regarding diagnostic workup and therapy were made from patient history, physical examination, 12-lead electrocardiogram, and chart data. Second, a goal-directed HCU study was performed in <10 minutes focusing on left ventricular global and regional function, wall thickness, and presence of pericardial effusion, followed by a reassessment of treatment decisions. HCU data influenced treatment decisions in 149 patients (63%); 50% had a change in medical therapy and 22% had a change in their diagnostic workup (most with changes in both). In all, 12 patients (5%) had an immediate change in the decision for cardiac catheterization or pericardiocentesis. Overall agreement for the above findings with subsequent full-size system echocardiography ranged from 92% to 100% (κ 0.91-0.96). Goal-directed HCU has the potential to influence bedside patient treatment decisions and expedite health care.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|State||Published - Jan 2004|