Infliximab for the treatment of CNS sarcoidosis: A multi-institutional series

Jeffrey M. Gelfand, Michael J. Bradshaw, Barney J. Stern, David B. Clifford, Yunxia Wang, Tracey A. Cho, Laura L. Koth, Stephen L. Hauser, Jason Dierkhising, Ngoc Hanh Vu, Subramaniam Sriram, Harold Moses, Francesca Bagnato, Jeffrey A. Kaufmann, Deidre J. Ammah, Tsion H. Yohannes, Mark J. Hamblin, Nagagopal Venna, Ari J. Green, Siddharama Pawate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To describe clinical and imaging responses in neurosarcoidosis to infliximab, a monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor-a. Methods: Investigators at 6 US centers retrospectively identified patients with CNS sarcoidosis treated with infliximab, including only patients with definite or probable neurosarcoidosis following rigorous exclusion of other causes. Results: Of 66 patients with CNS sarcoidosis (27 definite, 39 probable) treated with infliximab for a median of 1.5 years, the mean age was 47.5 years at infliximab initiation (SD 11.7, range 24-71 years); 56.1% were female; 62.1% were white, 37.0% African American, and 3% Hispanic. Sarcoidosis was isolated to the CNS in 19.7%. Using infliximab doses ranging from 3 to 7 mg/kg every 4-8 weeks, MRI evidence of a favorable treatment response was observed in 82.1% of patients with imaging follow-up (n = 56), with complete remission of active disease in 51.8% and partial MRI improvement in 30.1%; MRI worsened in 1 patient (1.8%). There was clinical improvement in 77.3% of patients, with complete neurologic recovery in 28.8%, partial improvement in 48.5%, clinical stability in 18.2%, worsening in 3%, and 1 lost to follow-up. In 16 patients in remission when infliximab was discontinued, the disease recurred in 9 (56%), typically in the same neuroanatomic location. Conclusions: Most patients with CNS sarcoidosis treated with infliximab exhibit favorable imaging and clinical treatment responses, including some previously refractory to other immunosuppressive treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2092-2100
Number of pages9
JournalNeurology
Volume89
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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