Heart failure represents a systemic disease with profound effects on multiple peripheral tissues. There is growing evidence that inflammation not only contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of a variety of cardiomyopathies, but also, the systemic syndrome of heart failure. Mechanistically, systemic and local inflammatory responses drive critical aspects of this pathology. In this chapter, we will discuss pathological mechanisms that drive inflammation and highlight clinical findings from trials that have investigated the role of inflammation in heart failure progression and outcomes. We will also describe emerging roles for distinct innate immune subsets that reside within the pediatric and adult heart focusing on the recently described embryonic and bone marrow monocyte-derived macrophage lineages. Within this context, we will discuss the how the immune mechanisms might be differentially targeted to modulate inflammation and tissue repair in children with heart failure.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHeart Failure in the Child and Young Adult
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Bench to Bedside
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780128026137
ISBN (Print)9780128023938
StatePublished - 2018


  • Adult heart failure
  • Chronic heart failure
  • Inflammation
  • Macrophages
  • Monocyte
  • Myocardial infarction


Dive into the research topics of 'Inflammatory Mediators in Heart Failure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this