Infectious and noninfectious tolerance are blocked by a monoclonal antibody to T-suppressor factor

Thomas A. Ferguson, G. Michael Iverson, Patrick M. Flood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two forms of hapten-specific unresponsiveness have been demonstrated following intravenous (iv) injection of hapten-conjugated syngeneic spleen cell based on the nature of the antigen-presenting cell (APC): I-J+, I-A- APC have been shown to induce T-suppressor cells (Ts cells) which are demonstrated upon adoptive transfer, while I-J-, I-A+ APC induce a nontransferable tolerance. In this paper we report that a monoclonal antibody specific for T-suppressor effector cells and factors (14-12) can block the Ts cells induced by I-J+, I-A- APCs and the tolerance induced by I-J-, I-A+ APCs. In addition, it sufficiently overcomes suppression such that injection of TNP-spl iv induces immunity rather than suppression. We show that the I-A+, I-J- TNP-spl, which induce nontransferable tolerance upon iv injection, are the cells which induce immunity in 14-12-treated recipients. These results demonstrate that injection of I-J-, I-A+ APC does not lead to clonal deletion and the tolerance induced by the iv injection of both I-J+, I-A- and I-J-, I-A+ APC Operate via Ts Cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-412
Number of pages10
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume115
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1988
Externally publishedYes

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