Astrovirus VA1/HMO-C (VA1) is the representative genotype of mamastrovirus 9, a species of the single-stranded, positive-sense RNA viral family, Astroviridae. Astroviruses have been traditionally considered pathogens of the gastrointestinal tract but they have been recently associated with neurological diseases in humans, cattle, mink, sheep, and pigs. VA1 is the astrovirus genotype most commonly identified from human cases of meningoencephalitis and has been recently propagated in cell culture. VA1 can now be used as a model system to study pathogenesis of the neurological diseases associated with astrovirus infection. In this article, we describe two fundamental assays to quantify replication and propagation of VA1, a quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) to measure viral RNA and a 50% tissue culture infectious dose (TCID50) assay to measure infectious viral particles.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere73
JournalCurrent Protocols in Microbiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2019


  • Astroviruses
  • astrovirus VA1
  • cell culture
  • replication
  • titration


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