Induction of vitellogenin synthesis by estrogen in avian liver: relationship between level of vitellogenin mRNA and vitellogenin synthesis

K. P. Mullinix, W. Wetekam, R. G. Deeley, J. I. Gordon, M. Meyers, K. A. Kent, R. F. Goldberger

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Abstract

The authors have investigated the estrogen mediated induction of vitellogenin synthesis in rooster liver. They compared the concentrations of vitellogenin messenger RNA (mRNA) in the liver with the concentrations of vitellogenin in the sera of roosters that had received various treatments with estrogen. They found no vitellogenin mRNA in the livers of the unstimulated roosters. An initial injection of estrogen was attended by de novo synthesis of vitellogenin mRNA in the liver and accumulation of vitellogenin in the serum. When vitellogenin was no longer present in the serum or liver (the 'post estrogen serum negative' state), the liver was found to contain appreciable amounts of vitellogenin mRNA. This mRNA was of the same size as that found in the liver of the rooster actively synthesizing vitellogenin in response to estrogen. Whereas vitellogenin mRNA was in large polysomes in the livers of the roosters actively synthesizing vitellogenin, the vitellogenin mRNA in the liver of the post estrogen serum negative rooster was not associated with polysomes. The possible relevance of these findings to the fact that the rooster responds differently to a primary stimulation with estrogen than to subsequent stimulations is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1442-1446
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume73
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1976

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