Induction of labor in twin pregnancy in patients with a previous cesarean delivery

Aharon Dick, Naama Lessans, Gabriel Ginzburg, Einat Gutman-Ido, Gilad Karavani, Hila Hochler, Yael Suissa-Cohen, Joshua I. Rosenbloom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) in twin gestations has been associated with decreased rates of successful vaginal delivery compared to singleton pregnancies, with mixed results regarding maternal and neonatal morbidity. However, induction of labor (IOL) in this unique population has not yet been fully evaluated. Objective: To assess success rates and maternal and neonatal outcomes in women with a twin gestation and a previous cesarean delivery undergoing IOL. Methods: A retrospective cohort study including women with a twin gestation and one previous cesarean delivery undergoing a trial of labor between the years 2009–2020. Patients requiring IOL were compared to those with a spontaneous onset of labor. Results: There were 53 patients who met the inclusion criteria: 31 had a spontaneous onset of labor (58%) and 22 required an IOL. Baseline characteristics were comparable between the groups apart from a history of labor arrest which was more common in the IOL group (40.9% vs. 9.6%, P = 0.006). A successful vaginal delivery occurred in all (100%) women with a spontaneous labor compared to 81% in the IOL group (p = 0.02). Secondary outcomes were comparable. A history of no previous vaginal delivery, maternal obesity, and IOL were associated with TOLAC failure. Conclusions: IOL after cesarean delivery in twin gestation is associated with an increased risk of TOLAC failure compared to spontaneous onset of labor. However, no adverse neonatal or maternal outcomes were found. IOL in this high-risk population is feasible but patients should be counseled about the lower rate of success.

Original languageEnglish
Article number538
JournalBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • Induction of labor
  • Trial of labor after cesarean delivery
  • Twin gestation


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