Heme oxygenase-1 is the heme catabolic enzyme induced in human dermal fibroblasts by environmental stress. We report an increase of heme oxygenase-1 message in lens epithelial cells after exposure to UVA radiation, followed by a 10-fold increase of protein expression. The size of message was larger than previously demonstrated for fibroblasts. The relationship between heme oxygenase-1 activation and iron metabolism was investigated by measurement of activities of both cytosolic and mitochondrial cis-aconitase enzymes. A 2-fold increase in mitochondrial cis-aconitase activity in UVA-exposed cells coincided with the time of maximal heme oxygenase-1 expression. We propose that modulation of cis-aconitase activity at the translational level by an increase of cellular iron is an important consequence of heme oxygenase-1 activation. This might be a novel aspect of the protective role of heme oxygenase-1 in modulating the response of cells challenged with oxidative stress. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Apr 2 2000|
- Heme oxygenase-1
- Lens epithelial cells
- UVA radiation