Inducible expression of the gp49B inhibitory receptor on NK cells

Lawrence L. Wang, Dortha T. Chu, Ayotunde O. Dokun, Wayne M. Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Murine NK cells express inhibitory receptors belonging to the C-type lectin-like (Ly-49, CD94/NKG2) and Ig superfamily-related (gp49) receptors. The murine gp49B receptor displays structural homology with human killer inhibitory receptors, and was previously identified to be a receptor on mast cells and activated NK cells. The gp49B receptor is highly related to gp49A, a receptor with unknown function. In this study, using a novel mAb produced against soluble gp49B molecules that cross-reacts with gp49A, we examined the cellular distribution and function of these receptors, gp49 is constitutively expressed on cells of the myeloid lineage throughout development, as well as on mature cells. Importantly, gp49 is not expressed on spleen- and liver- derived lymphocytes, including NK cells, but its expression is induced in vitro on NK cells following IL-2 stimulation, or in vivo by infection with murine CMV. Molecular studies revealed that both the immunoreceptor tyrosine- based inhibitory motif-containing gp49B as well as immunoreceptor tyrosine- based inhibitory motif-less gp49A receptors are up-regulated on NK cells following murine CMV infection. When co-cross-linked with NK1.1, gp49B can inhibit NK1.1-mediated cytokine release by NK cells. Taken together, these studies demonstrate that the expression of gp49B on NK cells is regulated, providing the first example of an in vivo activation-induced NK cell inhibitory receptor, in contrast to the constitutively expressed Ly49 family.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5215-5220
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume164
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2000

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