Individual estimates of age at detectable amyloid onset for risk factor assessment

Murat Bilgel, Yang An, Yun Zhou, Dean F. Wong, Jerry L. Prince, Luigi Ferrucci, Susan M. Resnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction Individualized estimates of age at detectable amyloid-beta (Aβ) accumulation, distinct from amyloid positivity, allow for analysis of onset age of Aβ accumulation as an outcome measure to understand risk factors. Methods Using longitudinal Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) positron emission tomography data from Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, we estimated the age at which each PiB+ individual began accumulating Aβ. We used survival analysis methods to quantify risk of accumulating Aβ and differences in onset age of Aβ accumulation in relation to APOE ϵ4 status and sex among 36 APOE ϵ4 carriers and 83 noncarriers. Results Age at onset of Aβ accumulation for the APOE ϵ4- and ϵ4+ groups was 73.1 and 60.7, respectively. APOE ϵ4 positivity conferred a threefold risk of accumulating Aβ after adjusting for sex and education. Discussion Estimation of onset age of amyloid accumulation may help gauge treatment efficacy in interventions to delay symptom onset in Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-379
Number of pages7
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • APOE
  • Age at onset
  • Amyloid imaging
  • PET
  • Pittsburgh compound B

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