Recommendation: There is evidence supporting medial soft tissue reconstruction, such as spring and deltoid ligament reconstructions, in the treatment of severe progressive collapsing foot deformity (PCFD). We recommend spring ligament reconstruction to be considered in addition to lateral column lengthening or subtalar fusion at the initial operation when those procedures have given at least 50% correction but inadequate correction of the severe flexible subluxation of the talonavicular and subtalar joints. We also recommend combined flatfoot reconstruction and deltoid reconstruction be considered as a joint sparing alternative in the presence of PCFD with valgus deformity of the ankle joint if there is 50% or more of the lateral joint space remaining. Level of Evidence: Level V, expert opinion.
- adult-acquired flatfoot deformity
- progressive collapsing foot disorder
- spring ligament