The performance of 28 children with the Nucleus multichannel cochlear implant, who had used the device an average of 1.7 yr, was examined on a battery of speech perception measures. All children demonstrated better speech perception skills with the implant than they had in the preimplant condition with hearing aids. With the Nucleus implant, 61% of the children demonstrated some open-set speech recognition and another 14% demonstrated closed-set speech recognition. Scores on the tests were corrected for guessing and a hierarchy of test difficulty was developed. The results revealed systematic differences in performance as a function of perception task and test format. The results of regression analyses, which were performed to identify predictors of success, showed that communication mode made a significant unique contribution to the variance in performance among subjects on an open-set word recognition test. When the scores of the children who used oral or total communication were compared on the full battery of tests, however, there were few significant group differences.
|Journal||Ear and hearing|
|State||Published - Aug 1991|