Increased vesicular glutamate transporter expression causes excitotoxic neurodegeneration

Richard W. Daniels, Bradley R. Miller, Aaron DiAntonio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increases in vesicular glutamate transporter (VGLUT) levels are observed after a variety of insults including hypoxic injury, stress, methamphetamine treatment, and in genetic seizure models. Such overexpression can cause an increase in the amount of glutamate released from each vesicle, but it is unknown whether this is sufficient to induce excitotoxic neurodegeneration. Here we show that overexpression of the Drosophila vesicular glutamate transporter (DVGLUT) leads to excess glutamate release, with some vesicles releasing several times the normal amount of glutamate. Increased DVGLUT expression also leads to an age-dependent loss of motor function and shortened lifespan, accompanied by a progressive neurodegeneration in the postsynaptic targets of the DVGLUT-overexpressing neurons. The early onset lethality, behavioral deficits, and neuronal pathology require overexpression of a functional DVGLUT transgene. Thus overexpression of DVGLUT is sufficient to generate excitotoxic neuropathological phenotypes and therefore reducing VGLUT levels after nervous system injury or stress may mitigate further damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-420
Number of pages6
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Disease model
  • Drosophila
  • Excitotoxicity
  • Glutamate
  • Neurodegeneration
  • VGLUT

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