Increased tolerance to stress in cardiac expressed gain-of-function of adenosine triphosphate–sensitive potassium channel subunit Kir6.1

Matthew C. Henn, M. Burhan Janjua, Haixia Zhang, Evelyn M. Kanter, Carol M. Makepeace, Richard B. Schuessler, Colin G. Nichols, Jennifer S. Lawton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The adenosine triphosphate–sensitive potassium (KATP) channel opener diazoxide (DZX) prevents myocyte volume derangement and reduced contractility secondary to stress. KATP channels are composed of pore-forming (Kir6.1 or Kir6.2) and regulatory (sulfonylurea receptor, SUR1 or SUR2) subunits. Gain of function (GOF) of Kir6.1 subunits has been implicated in cardiac pathology in Cantu syndrome in humans (cardiomegaly, lymphedema, and pericardial effusions). We hypothesized that GOF of Kir6.1 subunits would result in altered myocyte response to stress. Materials and methods Isolated cardiac myocytes from wild type (WT) and transgenic Kir6.1GOF mice were exposed to Tyrode's physiologic solution for 20 min, test solution (Tyrode's or stress [hyperkalemic cardioplegia {CPG, known myocyte stress}] +/− KATP channel opener DZX), followed by Tyrode's for 20 min. Myocyte volume and contractility were measured and compared. Results WT myocytes demonstrated significant swelling in response to stress, but significantly less swelling was seen in Kir6.1GOF myocytes. DZX prevented swelling secondary to CPG in WT but resulted in a nonsignificant reduction in swelling in Kir6.1GOF myocytes. Both WT and Kir6.1GOF myocytes demonstrated a reduction in contractility during stress, although this was only significant in Kir6.1GOF myocytes. DZX was not associated with an improvement in contractility in Kir6.1GOF myocytes following stress. Conclusions Similar to previous results in Kir6.1(−/−) myocytes, Kir6.1GOF myocytes demonstrate resistance (less volume derangement) to stress of cardioplegia. Understanding the role of Kir6.1 in myocyte response to stress may aid in the treatment of patients with Cantu syndrome and warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)460-465
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume206
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cantu syndrome
  • Diazoxide
  • Myocardial stress
  • Potassium channel

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Increased tolerance to stress in cardiac expressed gain-of-function of adenosine triphosphate–sensitive potassium channel subunit Kir6.1'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this