Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is central to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, and the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) has been shown to alter Aβ metabolism in vitro. Here, we show that overexpression of a functional LRP minireceptor in the brain of PDAPP mice results in age-dependent increase of soluble brain Aβ, with no changes in Aβ plaque burden. Importantly, soluble brain Aβ was found to be primarily in the form of monomers/dimers and to be highly correlated with deficits in spatial learning and memory. These results provide in vivo evidence that LRP may contribute to memory deficits typical of Alzheimer's disease by modulating the pool of small soluble forms of Aβ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1075-1080
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 27 2004


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