Incidence, Predictors, and Outcomes of Cardiac Perforation During Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization: a Retrospective Observational Study from the Congenital Cardiac Interventional Study Consortium (CCISC)

B. A. McCrossan, S. Karayiannis, M. Shields, David Nykanen, Thomas J. Forbes, Daisuke Kobayashi, D. Kenny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Cardiac perforation is a rare life-threatening complication of cardiac catheterization. There is very little published literature detailing risk factors for cardiac perforation and outcomes from this complication in children. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study analyzing the cardiac catheterization case registry of the Congenital Cardiovascular Interventional Study Consortium. Children aged < 18 years were included during the study period of 9 years (January 2009–December 2017). The primary outcome measures were incidence of cardiac perforation, risk factors for and outcomes of patients who experience cardiac perforation during cardiac catheterization. Results: Cardiac perforation occurred in 50 patients from a total of 36,986 (0.14%). Cardiac perforation was more likely to occur in younger, smaller patients undergoing urgent/emergent and interventional procedures (p < 0.01). Cardiac peroration risk was significantly different across diagnostic and procedure categories (p < 0.01). Higher CRISP score (Area Under Curve [AUC] = 0.87), lower age, and procedure category (radiofrequency perforation of pulmonary valve, AUC = 0.84) were independent predictors of cardiac perforation. Cardiac perforation was associated with a significantly higher rate of mortality (14%), further emergency procedure (42%), ECMO (14%), and cardiac arrest (6%), p < 0.01. Conclusions: Cardiac perforation during cardiac catheterization is a life-threatening complication with a range of associated secondary complications. Higher CRISP score, lower age, and radiofrequency perforation of pulmonary valve are independent predictors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-872
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Complications
  • Congenital heart disease

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