The hyperglycemia-induced in vivo metabolic changes produced in subcutaneous murine RIF-1 tumors, grown on female C3H/Anf mice, were examined with 31P surface-coil NMR. Serum glucose levels were elevated 4-fold by bolus intraperitoneal injection of 0.3 ml of an aqueous 50% glucose solution. Tumor pH was calculated from the chemical shift of P(i) and relative phosphocreatine and ATP concentrations were determined by Simpson's rule integration of the peak areas. Tumor pH decreased by ca. 0.45 unit over 2 hr while phosphocreatine concentrations decreased by ca. 50% over the same time period (n = 9). Initial tumor pH correlated inversely with the initial peak intensity ratio of P(i):ATP (r = -0.77). In a significant number of tumors (n = 4), two pH populations were observed. In these tumors, one population was unaffected by hyperglycemia and the other showed a decrease in pH. In the other tumors (n = 5), the pH distribution broadened as the pH decreased. In these tumors, the observed decrease in phosphocreatine concentration correlated with that calculated from the effect of measured tumor pH on the intracellular creatine kinase equilibrium (n = 18, r = 0.91). This correlation and consideration of the P(i) distribution in the tumor suggest that the pH measured by 31P NMR is weighted heavily by intracellular pH for the RIF-1 tumor. The presence of two distinct tumor pH populations or a broadened pH distribution likely reflects variations in tumor microcellular environment. Control experiments showed negligible changes in tumor pH and high energy phosphate concentrations after bolus intraperitoneal injection of 0.3 ml of isotonic saline. In addition, negligible changes in leg muscle pH and high energy phosphate concentrations were observed after glucose injection into mice with or without tumors. These results indicate that hyperglycemia induced by intraperitoneal glucose injection is effective in lowering the tumor pH of the murine RIF-1 tumor.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Issue number||20 I|
|State||Published - 1984|