In vivo and in vitro tyrosine sulfation of a membrane glycoprotein

N. Liu, J. U. Baenziger

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13 Scopus citations


A431 cells incorporate 35SO4 into a protein of M(r) 61,000 (P61). We examined sulfation of P61 by cells (in vivo) and by a cell-free system (in vitro) which requires only addition of A431 cell membranes and a 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phospho[35S]sulfate-generating system prepared from Krebs ascites cells. Sulfate is found exclusively in the form of tyrosine SO4 by two-dimensional high voltage electrophoresis following Pronase digestion. Endoglycosidase F digestion reduces the M(r) by 2,000 but does not release the sulfate, indicating that P61 is a glycoprotein but that sulfate is not incorporated into the carbohydrate. Sulfated P61 is not found in the medium from cultured cells and remains associated with the membrane fraction following cell lysis. Treatment of membranes with 0.4 M NaCl, 0.3 M KCl, 15 mM EDTA, or pH 11.0 does not release sulfated P61. P61 is solubilized by Triton X-114 treatment of membranes and partitions into the detergent phase upon warming. Based on these characteristics, we conclude that P61 is an integral membrane protein. Trypsin digestion experiments with intact cells suggest that sulfated P61 is predominantly located in the plasma membrane. This is the first example of an integral membrane protein which is sulfated on tyrosine. The properties of the sulfation reaction are distinct from those reported for secreted proteins and are consistent with the possibility that this modification occurs at the plasma membrane rather than in the Golgi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)856-861
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1986


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