We examined the expression of a membrane form of interleukin 1 (IL 1) by macrophages. Murine peritoneal macrophages fixed immediately after harvesting, in suspension, did not show membrane IL 1. Membrane IL 1 was expressed after a 3-hr culture on plastic dishes. These findings allowed us to examine some conditions in vivo that may trigger the expression of this protein; that is, by fixing the macrophages in suspension we could determine if a given stimulus had an effect. We found that membrane IL 1 was expressed briefly after administration of live or dead Listeria monocytogenes or endotoxin. Serum proteins were ineffective. At the time of maximal activation of macrophages by live Listeria, membrane IL 1 was not expressed. Analysis of in vitro conditions indicated that expression of membrane IL 1 and Ia molecules could be dissociated. In culture, recombinant interferon-γ induced Ia but no membrane IL 1. Uptake of dead Listeria organisms had no effect on Ia but triggered membrane IL 1. The stimulation of membrane IL 1 was not caused by phagocytosis per se: latex particles were ineffective. Opsonized red cells stimulated membrane IL 1 on macrophages that were activated in vivo by inflammatory stimuli.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1986|