We reported previously that BALB/c mice immunized with a polysaccharide (PS) antigen isolated from immunotype 1 Pseudomonas aeruginosa and vinblastine sulfate develop T cell-mediated protective immunity, despite their failure to produce specific antibody. In vitro, Lyt-1-,2+, I-J+ T cells from vinblastine- and PS-immunized mice kill P. aeruginosa by secretion of a bactericidal lymphokine. BALB/c mice immunized with PS alone generate neither protective antibodies nor a protective T cell response. The current studies indicate that T cells from mice immunized with PS alone significantly suppress the bactericidal activity of T cells from mice immunized with vinblastine and PS. The suppressor T cells are of the same Lyt-1-,2+, I-J+ phenotype as the bactericidal T cells. Suppression is mediated by a soluble product of these suppressor T cells which both inhibits T cell proliferation and interferes with the production or release of the bactericidal lymphokine. Cyclophosphamide, used in other systems to remove suppressor T cells, fails to enhance bacterial killing and does not inhibit suppressor cell activity. These studies indicate that immunization with PS elicits responses in two functionally distinct subgroups of Lyt-1-,2+, I-J+ T cells, and that these cells are distinguishable by their sensitivity to vinblastine sulfate.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1986|