In Vitro Protein-DNA Interactions at the Human Lamin B2 Replication Origin

Dragana Stefanovic, Slavica Stanojcic, Alessandro Vindigni, Alexander Ochem, Arturo Falaschi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The complexity of mammalian origins of DNA replication has prevented, so far, the in vitro studies of the modalities of initiator protein binding and origin selection. We approached this problem by utilizing the human lamin B2 origin, wherein the precise start sites of replication initiation have been identified and known to be bound in vivo by the origin recognition complex (ORC). In order to analyze the in vitro interactions occurring at this origin, we have compared the DNA binding requirements and patterns of the human recombinant Orc4 with those of preparations of HeLa nuclear proteins containing the ORC complex. Here we show that both HsOrc4 alone and HeLa nuclear proteins recognize multiple sites within a 241-bp DNA sequence encompassing the lamin B2 origin. The DNA binding activity of HeLa cells requires the presence of ORC and can be reproduced in the absence of all the other proteins known to be recruited to origins by ORC. Both HsOrc4 alone and HeLa nuclear proteins exhibit cooperative and ATP-independent binding. This binding covers nucleotides 3853-3953 and then spreads outward. Because this region contains the start sites of DNA synthesis as well as the area protected in vivo and preserves protein binding capacity in vitro after removal of a fraction of the protected region, we suggest that it could contain the primary binding site. Thus the in vitro approach points to the sequence requirements for ORC binding as a key element for origin recognition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42737-42743
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number44
StatePublished - Oct 31 2003


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