OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to determine the expression and activity of 15- hydroxy-prostaglandin dehydrogenase, a prostaglandin-metabolizing enzyme, in differentiating trophoblasts in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: Cytotrophoblasts from placentas of term healthy women were cultured in either Ham's-Waymouth medium, which hinders the process of cytotrophoblast differentiation, or medium 199, which facilitates differentiation into syncytiotrophoblasts. 15- Hydroxy-prostaglandin dehydrogenase expression was determined with Western immunoblotting, and activity was measured by a specific enzyme immunoassay of 13, 14-dihydro-15-keto prostaglandin F(2α), an inactive product of 15- hydroxy-prostaglandin dehydrogenase activity. RESULTS: The expression and activity of 15-hydroxy-prostaglandin dehydrogenase were enhanced during trophoblast differentiation and were higher in cells grown in medium 199 than in those grown in Ham's-Waymouth medium. 8-Bromo-cyclic adenosine monophosphate which stimulates prostaglandin H synthase-2 expression, diminished the expression and activity of 15-hydroxy-prostaglandin dehydrogenase in concentration- and time-dependent manners. CONCLUSIONS: 15- Hydroxy-prostaglandin dehydrogenase expression and activity are regulated during trophoblast differentiation and by cyclic adenosine monophosphate. Coordinated expression of 15-hydroxy-prostaglandin dehydrogenase and prostaglandin H synthase-2 contributes to the regulation of prostaglandin release from trophoblasts.
- 15-Hydroxy-prostaglandin dehydrogenase
- Cyclic adenosine monophosphate