Improved Cochlear Implant Performance Estimation Using Tonotopic-Based Electrocochleography

Amit Walia, Matthew A. Shew, Jordan Varghese, Patrick Ioerger, Shannon M. Lefler, Amanda J. Ortmann, Jacques A. Herzog, Craig A. Buchman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Importance: Cochlear implantation produces remarkable results in postlingual deafness, although auditory outcomes vary. Electrocochleography (ECochG) has emerged as a valuable tool for assessing the cochlear-neural substrate and evaluating patient prognosis. Objective: To assess whether ECochG-total response (ECochG-TR) recorded at the best-frequency electrode (BF-ECochG-TR) correlates more strongly with speech perception performance than ECochG-TR measured at the round window (RW-ECochG-TR). Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-center cross-sectional study recruited 142 patients from July 1, 2021, to April 30, 2022, with 1-year follow-up. Exclusions included perilymph suctioning, crimped sound delivery tubes, non-native English speakers, inner ear malformations, nonpatent external auditory canals, or cochlear implantation revision surgery. Exposures: Cochlear implantation. Main Outcomes and Measures: Speech perception testing, including the consonant-nucleus-consonant (CNC) words test, AzBio sentences in quiet, and AzBio sentences in noise plus 10-dB signal to noise ratio (with low scores indicating poor performance and high scores indicating excellent performance on all tests), at 6 months postoperatively; and RW-ECochG-TR and BF-ECochG-TR (measured for 250, 500, 1000, and 2000 Hz). Results: A total of 109 of the 142 eligible postlingual adults (mean [SD] age, 68.7 [15.8] years; 67 [61.5%] male) were included in the study. Both BF-ECochG-TR and RW-ECochG-TR were correlated with 6-month CNC scores (BF-ECochG-TR: r = 0.74; 95% CI, 0.62-0.82; RW-ECochG-TR: r = 0.67; 95% CI, 0.54-0.76). A multivariate model incorporating age, duration of hearing loss, and angular insertion depth did not outperform BF-ECochG-TR or RW-ECochG-TR alone. The BF-ECochG-TR correlation with CNC scores was significantly stronger than the RW-ECochG-TR correlation (r difference = -0.18; 95% CI, -0.31 to -0.01; z = -2.02). More moderate correlations existed between 6-month AzBio scores in noise, Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores (r = 0.46; 95% CI, 0.29-0.60), and BF-ECochG-TR (r = 0.42; 95% CI, 0.22-0.58). MoCA and the interaction between BF-ECochG-TR and MoCA accounted for a substantial proportion of variability in AzBio scores in noise at 6 months (R2= 0.50; 95% CI, 0.36-0.61). Conclusions and Relevance: In this case series, BF-ECochG-TR was identified as having a stronger correlation with cochlear implantation performance than RW-ECochG-TR, although both measures highlight the critical role of the cochlear-neural substrate on outcomes. Demographic, audiologic, and surgical factors demonstrated weak correlations with cochlear implantation performance, and performance in noise was found to require a robust cochlear-neural substrate (BF-ECochG-TR) as well as sufficient cognitive capacity (MoCA). Future cochlear implantation studies should consider these variables when assessing performance and related interventions..

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1120-1129
Number of pages10
JournalJAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume149
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 14 2023

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