Importance of airway inflammation for hyperresponsiveness induced by ozone

M. J. Holtzman, L. M. Fabbri, P. M. O'Byrne, B. D. Gold, H. Aizawa, E. H. Walters, S. E. Alpert, J. A. Nadel

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274 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied whether ozone-induced airway hyperresponsiveness correlates with the development of airway inflammation in dogs. To assess airway responsiveness, we determined increases in pulmonary resistance produced by delivering acetylcholine aerosol to the airways. To assess airway inflammation, we biopsied the airway mucosa and counted the number of neutrophils present in the epithelium. Airway responsiveness and inflammation were assessed in anesthetized dogs before ozone exposure and then 1 h and 1 wk after ozone (2.1 ppm, 2 h). Airway responsiveness increased markedly at 1 h after ozone and returned to control levels 1 wk later in each of 6 dogs, but it did not change after ozone in another 4 dogs. Furthermore, dogs that became hyperresponsive also developed a marked and reversible increase in the number of neutrophils in the epithelium, whereas dogs that did not become hyperresponsive had no change in the number of neutrophils. For the group of dogs, the level of airway responsiveness before and after ozone exposure correlated closely with the number of epithelium neutrophils. The results suggest that ozone-induced airway hyperresponsiveness may depend on the development of an acute inflammatory response in the airways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-690
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Review of Respiratory Disease
Volume127
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1983

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