Implementation of a Patient Blood Management Program in a Large, Diverse Multi-Hospital System

Sumita Markan-Aurora, Rachel Miller, Audrey A. Gronemeyer, Jennifer S. Kempf, Bruce L. Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: There is limited literature relating to patient blood management (PBM) programs in large multi-hospital systems or addressing challenges of implementation across diverse systems comprised of community and academic hospitals. Objective: To establish a PBM program to improve utilization of blood transfusion units at a multi-hospital system in the Midwest (BJC HealthCare). Methods: High-impact strategies in establishing the PBM program included formation of Clinical Expert Councils (CECs) of providers, establishment of consensus utilization guidelines, and development of a robust reporting tool. CECs enabled collaboration and facilitated standardization across a complex system of academic, private practice, and tertiary facilities with a diverse community of medical providers. Consensus guidelines and the PBM reporting tool were key to creating meaningful reports to drive provider practice change. Results: Over the 5 years following implementation of the PBM program, there has been a steady decrease in red blood cell (RBC) utilization. Noticeable changes have taken place at individual hospitals in the system, including reductions in transfusions falling outside guideline parameters from 300 per quarter to less than 8 per quarter at 1 of our community hospitals. No negative impact on patient care has been identified. Conclusion: In response to current transfusion guidelines and the need for optimizing stewardship of blood product resources, this hospital system successfully implemented a robust PBM program that engaged academic and non-academic community providers and decreased utilization of blood transfusion resources in line with consensus guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-129
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Outcomes Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2020


  • Provider practice change
  • Quality improvement
  • RBC transfusion
  • Transfusion practices
  • Utilization trends


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