Implant Malalignment may be a Risk Factor for Poor Patient-Reported Outcomes Measures (PROMs) Following Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA)

Gregory S. Kazarian, Fares S. Haddad, Matthew J. Donaldson, Warran Wignadasan, Ryan M. Nunley, Robert L. Barrack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Implant malalignment may be a risk factor for poor patient-reported outcomes measures (PROMs) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: Postoperative surveys were administered to assess PROMs regarding satisfaction, pain, and function in 262 patients who underwent surgery at 4 centers in the U.S. and U.K (average age, 67.2) at a mean 5.5 years after primary TKA. Postoperative distal femoral angle (DFA), proximal tibial angle (PTA), and posterior tibial slope angle (PSA) were radiographically measured, and outliers were recorded. PROMs were compared between patients with aligned versus malaligned knees using univariate analysis. Results: Patients with DFA, PTA, and PSA outliers were more likely to experience similar or decreased activity levels postoperatively than patients with no alignment outliers, as were patients with 1 or 2 outliers of any kind (P < .05). Patients with DFA, PTA, and PSA outliers were significantly more likely to be dissatisfied with their ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs), as were patients with 1 or 2 outliers of any kind (P < .05). Patients with DFA and PSA outliers were more likely to be dissatisfied with their degree of pain relief, as were patients with 2 outliers of any kind (P < .05). Finally, patients with DFA and PSA outliers, as well as those with 1 outlier of any kind, were more likely to be dissatisfied with their overall knee function (P < .05). Conclusion: DFA, PTA, and PSA outliers represent a significant risk factor for decreased satisfaction with activities of daily living(ADLs), pain relief, and knee function, as well as decreased activity levels. Level of Evidence: Level III.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • TKA
  • alignment
  • malalignment
  • outcomes
  • patient-reported outcomes
  • total knee arthroplasty

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