Impaired plasma glucose clearance is a key determinant of fasting hyperglycemia in people with obesity

Bettina Mittendorfer, Stephan van Vliet, Gordon I. Smith, Max C. Petersen, Bruce W. Patterson, Samuel Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relative importance of the basal rate of glucose appearance (Ra) in the circulation and the basal rate of plasma glucose clearance in determining fasting plasma glucose concentration in people with obesity and different fasting glycemic statuses. Methods: The authors evaluated basal glucose kinetics in 33 lean people with normal fasting glucose (<100 mg/dL; Lean < 100 group) and 206 people with obesity and normal fasting glucose (Ob < 100 group, n = 118), impaired fasting glucose (100–125 mg/dL; Ob100–125 group, n = 66), or fasting glucose diagnostic of diabetes (≥126 mg/dL; Ob ≥ 126 group, n = 22). Results: Although there was a large (up to three-fold) range in glucose Ra within each group, the ranges in glucose concentration in the Lean < 100, Ob < 100, and Ob100–125 groups were small because of a close relationship between glucose Ra and clearance rate. However, the glucose clearance rate at any Ra value was lower in the hyperglycemic than the normoglycemic groups. In the Ob ≥ 126 group, plasma glucose concentration was primarily determined by glucose Ra, because glucose clearance was markedly attenuated. Conclusions: Fasting hyperglycemia in people with obesity represents a disruption of the precisely regulated integration of glucose production and clearance rates. (Figure presented.).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-546
Number of pages7
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2024


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