Impaired motor learning in children with hydrocephalus

Yuchuan Ding, Qin Lai, James P. McAllister, Alexa I. Canady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


Hydrocephalic (n = 19) and normal (n = 20) children in two age groups (averaged at 10 and 14 years old) were asked to learn 5 predetermined timing rhythm interval tasks (including timing duration and relative timing pattern) by pressing keys on a computer keyboard. In the acquisition phase, visual and auditory goal timing intervals, as well as visualized feedback were presented to all participants before and after their key presses, respectively. A retention test without the auditory information and visualized feedback was administered 1 day later. By using the computerized timing test, we demonstrated in this study that the hydrocephalic group had significantly (ANOVA analysis) increased relative timing errors; this function depends on the formation of an internal model or a motor program related to long-term memory disorders. These findings could lead to the formulation of training procedures with simplified movements that may help hydrocephalic children improve their motor skill learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-189
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Neurosurgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Cognitive deficits
  • Computer
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Motor learning
  • Movement parameter
  • Movement pattern

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