Impaired elastin fiber assembly related to reduced 67-kD elastin-binding protein in fetal lamb ductus arteriosus and in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells treated with chondroitin sulfate

Aleksander Hinek, Robert P. Mecham, Fred Keeley, Marlene Rabinovitch

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109 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the fetal ductus arteriosus (DA) disruption in the assembly of elastin fibers is associated with intimal thickening and we previously reported that fetal lamb DA smooth muscle cells incubated with endothelial conditioned medium produce two-fold more chondroitin sulfate (CS) compared with aorta (Ao) cells (Boudreau, N., and M. Rabinovitch. 1991. Lab. Invest. 64:187-199). We hypothesized that CS or dermatan sulfate (DS), both N-acetylgalactosamine glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), may be similar to free galactosugars in causing release of the 67-kD elastin binding protein (EBP) from the smooth muscle cell surfaces and impaired elastin fiber assembly. Using immunohistochemistry, immunoelectron microscopy, and western immunoblot we demonstrated a reduction in the 67-kD EBP in fetal lamb DA smooth muscle in tissue and in cultured cells. Also, reduced EBP was observed in fetal lamb and neonatal rat Ao smooth muscle cells incubated with N-acetylgalactosamine GAGs, CS, and DS, but not with N-acetylglucosamine containing GAGs, heparan sulfate (HS), or hyaluronan. Reduction in EBP was related to shedding from cell surfaces into the conditioned medium. This was associated with impaired elastin fiber assembly in cultured cells, assessed both morphologically and by a relative increase in tropoelastin and decrease in desmosines. The EBP extracted from smooth muscle cell membranes binds to an elastin affinity gel and can be eluted from it with CS but not with HS. Moreover, the amount of EBP extractable from smooth muscle cell membranes correlated with the morphologic assessment. We propose that increased CS or DS, may impair assembly of newly synthesized elastin in the media of the ductus arteriosus associated with the development of intimal thickening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2083-2094
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Extracellular matrix
  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • Intimal thickening
  • Vascular disease

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