Impact of Tricuspid Regurgitation on Outcomes of Mitral Valve Surgery after Transcatheter Edge-to-Edge Repair

CUTTING-EDGE Investigators, Tsuyoshi Kaneko

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2 Scopus citations


Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) severity after mitral transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) has been shown to impact outcomes but unknown in patients requiring mitral valve (MV) surgery after TEER. We sought to determine the impact of preoperative TR severity and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction on MV surgery after TEER. From 7/2009 to 7/2020, 260/332 patients in the CUTTING-EDGE registry who underwent MV surgery after TEER had paired echocardiographic evaluation on TR severity, and ≥moderate (2+) vs <2+ TR at the time of index TEER were compared. Median follow-up post-MV surgery was 9.1 months, 96.5% complete at 30 days and 81.9% complete at 1 year. Mean age was 73.8 ± 10.3; with primary/mixed and secondary MR present in 65.6% and 32.0%, respectively. Proportion of ≥2+ TR increased from TEER to MV surgery (40% vs 57%, P < 0.001). Compared to <2+ TR group, ≥2+ pre-TEER TR patients were older, had higher STS risk score at TEER, higher RVSP, more RV dysfunction, more MR post-TEER, and a shorter median interval from TEER to MV surgery (1.9 vs 4.9 months, P = 0.023). Mortality was higher in the ≥2+ pre-TEER TR group at 30 days(24.2% vs 13.8%, P = 0.043) and 1 year (45.3% vs 22.3%, P = 0.003). On Kaplan-Meier analysis, cumulative mortality was 23.8% at 1 year and 31.6% at 3 years after MV surgery overall, and was associated with preoperative RV dysfunction (P = 0.023), ≥2+ TR at pre-TEER (P = 0.001) and presurgery (P = 0.004), but not concomitant tricuspid surgery. Moderate or greater pre-TEER TR was associated with worse outcomes, and pre-TEER TR worsened significantly at MV surgery. Concomitant tricuspid surgery did not increase overall mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-25
Number of pages15
JournalSeminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2024


  • Mitral valve replacement
  • Mitral valve surgery
  • Right ventricular dysfunction
  • Transcatheter edge-to-edge repair
  • Tricuspid regurgitation
  • Tricuspid valve surgery


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