Background: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at higher risk for severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). From the pandemic’s onset there has been concern regarding effects on health and wellbeing of high-risk patients. Methods: This was an ancillary study to the Losartan Effects on Emphysema Progression (LEEP) Trial and was designed to collect descriptive information longitudinally about the health and wellbeing of COPD patients who were enrolled in a clinical trial. Participants were interviewed by telephone about their health status every 2 weeks and their mental health, knowledge, and behaviors every 8 weeks from June 2020 to April 2021. There were no prespecified hypotheses. Results: We enrolled 157 of the 220 participants from the parent LEEP trial. Their median age was 69 years, 55% were male, and 82% were White; median forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)% predicted was 48%. Nine confirmed COVID-19 infections were reported, 2 resulting in hospitalization. Rates of elevated anxiety or depressive symptoms were 8% and 19% respectively in June 2020 and remained relatively stable during follow-up. By April 2021, 85% of participants said they were “very likely” to receive a vaccine; 91% were vaccinated (≥1 dose) by the end of December 2021. Conclusions: Our select cohort of moderate to severe COPD patients who were well integrated into a health care network coped well with the COVID-19 pandemic. Few participants were diagnosed with COVID-19, levels of depression and anxiety were stable, most adopted accepted risk reduction behaviors, and did not become socially isolated; most were vaccinated by the end of 2021.
- vaccine hesitancy