Impact of the affordable care act dependent coverage provision on young adult cancer patient insurance coverage by sociodemographic and economic characteristics

Justin M. Barnes, Derek S. Brown, Jenine K. Harris, Allison A. King, Kimberly J. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of the Affordable Care Act Dependent Care Provision by sociodemographic and economic characteristics in young adult cancer patients. Methods: The National Cancer Database (NCDB) and the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) 18 database were queried for young adult cancer cases diagnosed during 2007–2014. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we examined insurance coverage in different subgroups of policy-eligible 19–25 year-olds versus policy-ineligible 27–29 year-olds from the pre- (2007–2009) to post- (2011–2014) Dependent Care Provision period. Results: Across subgroups and study populations, insurance coverage increased significantly following the Provision enactment in the policy-eligible versus policy-ineligible group across most subgroups (range in NCDB: 1.83 to 6.38% for low and mid-low education areas, respectively; range in SEER: 1.43 to 6.18 for Non-Hispanic Others and Hispanics, respectively). Heterogenous impacts were observed by sex with a larger impact in males (NCDB: 5.14%, 95% CI 3.59–6.69; SEER: 4.46, 2.12–6.8) than females (NCDB: 2.51%, 95% CI 1.39–3.62; SEER: 2.50, 0.82–4.18). We observed no other statistical evidence for Dependent Care Provision subgroup heterogeneity except for a smaller impact in individuals from low education areas in NCDB. Conclusions: Our results indicate a positive Dependent Care Provision impact on insurance coverage in young adults with cancer across subgroups, with evidence for a smaller impact in females relative to males and in low relative to high education areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-42
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Affordable care act
  • Cancer
  • Dependent coverage
  • Young adult

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