Impact of superhydrophobicity on the fluid dynamics of a bileaflet mechanical heart valve

Hoda Hatoum, Sravanthi Vallabhuneni, Arun Kumar Kota, David L. Bark, Ketul C. Popat, Lakshmi Prasad Dasi

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3 Scopus citations


Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of superhydrophobic coating on the hemodynamics and turbulence characteristics of a bileaflet mechanical valve in the context of evaluating blood damage potential. Methods: Two 3D printed bileaflet mechanical valves were hemodynamically tested in a pulse duplicator under physiological pressure and flow conditions. The leaflets of one of the two valves were sprayed with a superhydrophobic coating. Particle Image Velocimetry was performed. Pressure gradients (PG), effective orifice areas (EOA), Reynolds shear stresses (RSS) and instantaneous viscous shear stresses (VSS) were calculated. Results: (a) Without SH coating, the PG was found to be 14.53 ± 0.7 mmHg and EOA 1.44 ± 0.06 cm2. With coating, the PG obtained was 15.21 ± 1.7 mmHg and EOA 1.39 ± 0.07 cm2; (b) during peak systole, the magnitude of RSS with SH coating (110Pa) exceeded that obtained without SH coating (40 Pa) with higher probabilities to develop higher RSS in the immediate wake of the leaflet; (c) The magnitudes range of instantaneous VSS obtained with SH coating were slightly larger than those obtained without SH coating (7.0 Pa versus 5.0 Pa). Conclusion: With Reynolds Shear Stresses and instantaneous Viscous Shear Stresses being correlated with platelet damage, SH coating did not lead to their decrease. While SH coating is known to improve surface properties such as reduced platelet or clot adhesion, the relaxation of the slip condition does not necessarily improve overall hemodynamic performance for the bileaflet mechanical valve design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103895
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Blood damage
  • Reynolds shear stress
  • Superhydrophobicity
  • Turbulence
  • Viscous shear stress


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