BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is routinely used to determine the suitability of potential living donor liver transplants, providing important information about liver size, vascular anatomy, and the presence of other diseases that would preclude it from safe donation. CT is not routinely used, however, when evaluating eligible deceased organ donors after brain death, a group which comprises most orthotopic liver transplants. After the installation of a CT scanner at a local procurement facility, CTs have been performed on potential deceased organ donors and used, in conjunction with other evaluative protocols, to help direct donation decisions and assist in procurement procedures. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of data from 373 cases spanning 5 years was systematically collected and analyzed, including information pertaining to patient's medical histories, biopsy results, operative findings, and CT results. RESULTS: CT findings directly impacted the directive decision-making process in 29% of cases in this patient cohort, likely an underestimate, and reliably evaluated important factors including variant vascular anatomy and the presence and severity of hepatic steatosis and cirrhosis. CONCLUSION: Overall, this study suggests that CT has the potential to play a significant role in procurement procedures and the directive decision-making process, thereby improving the efficiency and accuracy by which potential deceased organ donors are evaluated.