Impact of Preoperative Jaundice and Biliary Drainage on Short- and Long-term Outcomes among Patients with Gallbladder Cancer

Jun Xi Xiang, Shishir K. Maithel, Sharon M. Weber, George Poultsides, Christopher Wolfgang, Linda Jin, Ryan C. Fields, Matthew Weiss, Charles Scoggins, Kamron Idrees, Perry Shen, Xu Feng Zhang, Timothy M. Pawlik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To characterize the prognostic implication of jaundice and preoperative biliary drainage on postoperative outcomes among patients with gallbladder cancer (GBC) undergoing surgical resection. Methods: Patients who underwent surgical resection of GBC identified from a multicenter database between January 2000 and December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Data on clinical and pathological details, as well as short- and long-term overall survival (OS), were obtained and compared among patients with and without preoperative jaundice and biliary drainage. Results: Among 449 patients with GBC, median and 1‐, 3‐, and 5‐year OS were 17.4 months, 63.7%, 28.4%, and 22.1%, respectively. Patients who presented with preoperative jaundice (n = 100, 22.3%) were more likely to have advanced disease, a lower incidence of R0 resection (29.0% vs. 69.1%, p < 0.001), as well as a higher incidence of postoperative liver failure (4% vs. 0, p = 0.002), and worse long-term survival versus patients without jaundice (median OS, 10.4 vs. 27.1 months, p < 0.001). Preoperative biliary drainage was performed for the majority of jaundiced patients (77.0%) and was associated with decreased risk of postoperative liver failure (1.3% vs. 13.0%, p = 0.041); preoperative biliary drainage failed to improve long-term survival (median OS, 10.2 months vs. 12.0 months, p = 0.679). On multivariable analysis, R0 resection (17.5 vs. 7.6 months, p < 0.001) and adjuvant therapy (15.6 vs. 6.6 months, p = 0.027) were associated with improved long-term survival among jaundiced patients. Conclusions: While preoperative biliary drainage of jaundiced GBC patients decreased the risk of postoperative liver failure, it did not impact long-term outcomes. Rather, preoperative jaundice was associated with a lower chance at R0 resection and worse long-term survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-113
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Biliary drainage
  • Gallbladder cancer
  • Outcome
  • Preoperative jaundice
  • Surgery

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