Impact of maternal factors, environmental factors, and race on necrotizing enterocolitis

Clara T. Nicolas, Stewart R. Carter, Colin A. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a complex disease with a multifactorial etiology. As the leading cause of intestinal morbidity and mortality among premature infants, many resources are being dedicated to neonatal care and molecular targets in the newborn intestine. However, NEC is heavily influenced by maternal and perinatal factors as well. Given its nature, preventive approaches to NEC are more likely to improve outcomes than new treatment strategies. Therefore, this review focuses on maternal, environmental, and racial factors associated with the development of NEC, with an emphasis on those that may be modifiable to decrease the incidence of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number151688
JournalSeminars in Perinatology
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

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