Impact of dedicated brain PET on intended patient management in participants of the national oncologic PET registry

Bruce E. Hillner, Barry A. Siegel, Anthony F. Shields, Fenghai Duan, Ilana F. Gareen, Lucy Hanna, R. Edward Coleman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This study seeks to assess the impact of dedicated brain positron emission tomography (PET) with 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose on intended management of patients with primary and metastatic brain tumors. Procedures: We analyzed demographic characteristics and evaluated change in intended management after PET, using previously described metrics, for patients in the National Oncologic PET Registry (NOPR) undergoing dedicated brain PET. For cases of primary brain tumors, comparisons to the overall NOPR cohort were made. Patient Profile: Between December 2006 and April 2009, 509 dedicated brain PET scans were done on 479 patients-367 (72.1%) for suspected or proven primary brain tumors and 142 (27.9%) for brain metastases. Compared with the overall NOPR cohort, subjects in the dedicated brain cohort were younger (41.3% less than 65 years vs. 10.5% overall, p < 0.0001) and more frequently had functional limitations from their cancers (78.6% vs. 62.3% overall; odds ratio (OR) 2.2, 95% CI 1.8-2.8). Results: The pre-PET patient management plans in the primary brain tumor and metastasis subgroups were similar. A pre-PET plan of tissue biopsy was slightly more frequent than one of the treatments (31.3% vs. 28.6%) in the primary brain tumor subgroup and was more common than in the overall NOPR cohort (14.2%; OR 2.8, 95% CI 2.2-3.5). Changes from treatment to non-treatment also were more frequent than in the overall NOPR cohort (13.4% vs. 7.7%; OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.3-2.5). Conclusions: Among NOPR patients, dedicated brain PET was associated with similar net changes in intended management as in the overall NOPR cohort. However, brain PET patients were younger, more likely to be symptomatic, and less likely to have a change in management from non-treatment to treatment as a post-PET plan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-165
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular Imaging and Biology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Brain neoplasms
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Prospective studies
  • Registry

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