Impact of an immunohistochemistry-based universal screening protocol for Lynch syndrome in endometrial cancer on genetic counseling and testing

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35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. Evaluate effects of a Lynch syndrome universal screening protocol in newly diagnosed endometrial cancers on subsequent genetic counseling (GC) and germline testing (GT) referral and acceptance rates. Methods.Weperformed a retrospective cohort study ofwomenwho underwent a hysterectomy for endometrial cancer at Barnes Jewish Hospital in St. Louis, MO between 1/1/2011 and 12/31/2013 (n = 637). An immunohistochemistry-based (IHC) universal screening protocol for Lynch syndrome was initiated on 12/17/ 2012. The cohorts consisted of women presenting prior to (Pre-Em-USP; n=395) and those presenting following (Em-USP; n = 242) initiation of the universal screening protocol. GC and GT referrals were based on risk factors and/or IHC results. Comparisons were made using the Fisher's exact test and the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results. A greater proportion of individuals in the Em-USP cohort underwent GT than in Pre-Em-USP (9.1% vs 4.8%, p < 0.05). Of individualswith an IHC screening result suggestive of LS, thosewithin the Em-USP cohortwere significantly more likely to accept GC compared to those in the Pre-Em-USP cohort (95% vs 64%, p=0.02). Specificallywithin the Em-USP cohort, patients referred to GC due to a concerning IHC screening result, versus those who were referred based on other risk factors, had a higher counseling acceptance rate (95% vs 61%, p = 0.03) and underwent genetic testing more readily (76% vs 30%, p < 0.001). Conclusions. Implementation of an IHC-based universal screening protocol for LS in endometrial cancer leads to higher acceptance of genetic counseling and higher rates of genetic testing compared to referral based on risk factors alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-13
Number of pages7
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume137
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Endometrial cancer
  • Genetic counseling
  • Genetic testing
  • Lynch syndrome

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