Impact of an evidence-based intervention on urinary catheter utilization, associated process indicators, and infectious and non-infectious outcomes

A. Schweiger, S. P. Kuster, J. Maag, S. Züllig, S. Bertschy, E. Bortolin, G. John, H. Sax, A. Limacher, A. Atkinson, D. Schwappach, J. Marschall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Multi-centre intervention studies tackling urinary catheterization and its infectious and non-infectious complications are lacking. Aim: To decrease urinary catheterization and, consequently, catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) and non-infectious complications. Methods: Before/after non-randomized multi-centre intervention study in seven hospitals in Switzerland. Intervention bundle consisting of: (1) a concise list of indications for urinary catheterization; (2) daily evaluation of the need for ongoing catheterization; and (3) education on proper insertion and maintenance of urinary catheters. The primary outcome was urinary catheter utilization. Secondary outcomes were CAUTIs, non-infectious complications and process indicators (proportion of indicated catheters and frequency of catheter evaluation). Findings: In total, 25,880 patients were included in this study [13,171 at baseline (August–October 2016) and 12,709 post intervention (August–October 2017)]. Catheter utilization decreased from 23.7% to 21.0% (P=0.001), and catheter-days per 100 patient-days decreased from 17.4 to 13.5 (P=0.167). CAUTIs remained stable at a low level with 0.02 infections per 100 patient-days (baseline) and 0.02 infections (post intervention) (P=0.98). Measuring infections per 1000 catheter-days, the rate was 1.02 (baseline) and 1.33 (post intervention) (P=0.60). Non-infectious complications decreased significantly, from 0.79 to 0.56 events per 100 patient-days (P<0.001), and from 39.4 to 35.4 events per 1000 catheter-days (P=0.23). Indicated catheters increased from 74.5% to 90.0% (P<0.001). Re-evaluations increased from 168 to 624 per 1000 catheter-days (P<0.001). Conclusion: A straightforward bundle of three evidence-based measures reduced catheter utilization and non-infectious complications, whereas the proportion of indicated urinary catheters and daily evaluations increased. The CAUTI rate remained unchanged, albeit at a very low level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-371
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hospital Infection
Volume106
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • CAUTI
  • Haematuria
  • Healthcare-associated infection
  • Infection control
  • Urinary catheter

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