Immunogenic and tolerogenic cell death

Douglas R. Green, Thomas Ferguson, Laurence Zitvogel, Guido Kroemer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

629 Scopus citations


The immune system is routinely exposed to dead cells during normal cell turnover, injury and infection. Mechanisms must exist to discriminate between different forms of cell death to correctly eliminate pathogens and promote healing while avoiding responses to self, which can result in autoimmunity. However, an effective immune response against host tissue is often needed to eliminate tumours following treatment with chemotherapeutic agents that trigger tumour cell death. Consequently, a central problem in immunology is to understand how the immune system determines whether cell death is immunogenic, tolerogenic or 'silent'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-363
Number of pages11
JournalNature Reviews Immunology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2009

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