The in vitro effects of β-glucan, mannan oligosaccharides (MOS), CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG ODN), lactoferrin and vitamin C on the non-specific immune response of sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus coelomocytes were studied. Coelomocytes were cultured in L-15 medium containing different concentrations of β-glucan (0, 5, 25 and 100μgml-1, CpG ODN (0, 0.5, 2.5 and 5μM), MOS (0, 40, 80 and 120μgml-1 lactoferrin (0, 5, 25 and 100μgml-1 and vitamin C (0, 25, 100 and 250μgml-1. Coelomocytes were incubated with the above immunostimulants for 1h, 3h, 6h, 12h or 24h except vitamin C for 3h, 6h, 12h, 24h or 48h. Coelomocytes incubated in medium without immunostimulants were taken as controls at each incubation time. After exposure to these substances, coelomocytes were sampled and immune parameters viz., phagocytosis, superoxide anion production, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and total nitric oxide synthase (T-NOS) activity were determined. All immune parameters were significantly (P<0.05) enhanced by β-glucan, MOS and CpG ODN. Lactoferrin induced significant (P<0.05) increase in superoxide anion production and SOD activity of coelomocytes but did not affect phagocytosis and T-NOS activity. Vitamin C significantly (P<0.05) enhanced the SOD and T-NOS activities of coelomocytes while no significant effects were observed in phagocytosis and superoxide anion production. The results suggest that β-glucan, MOS, CpG ODN, lactoferrin and vitamin C can enhance the non-specific immune response of sea cucumber in vitro.
- Coelomocyte culture
- Immune response
- Sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus)