Aim: This prospective, Phase III study assessed the pharmacokinetics (PK), safety and tolerability of immune globulin subcutaneous, human - klhw 20% solution (IGSC-C 20%) in participants with primary humoral immunodeficiency (PI), compared with immune globulin injection (human), 10% caprylate/chromatography purified (IGIV-C 10%). Patients & methods: About 53 participants enrolled. Total 44 received IGIV-C 10% in the run-in phase and then entered the IV phase (with an additional nine who were already receiving IGIV-C 10% and entered the IV phase directly) for steady-state IV PK assessments. Total 49 entered the SC phase (weekly doses of IGSC-C 20% for ∼24 weeks). The PK profiles of IGIV-C 10% and IGSC-C 20% and their safety and tolerability parameters were compared. Results: At a dose adjustment factor of 1.37, IGSC-C 20% provided comparable (noninferior and bioequivalent) overall total immunoglobulin G exposure to IGIV-C 10% over an equal time interval. About 33 participants reported 79 adverse events during run-in + IV phases; 41 participants reported 141 adverse events during the SC phase, with most being local infusion site reactions. The majority of infusion site reactions were mild to moderate in severity. Conclusion: IGSC-C 20% was bioequivalent to IGIV-C 10% and was well tolerated, with a safety profile comparable with IGIV-C 10%, in this study.
- 20% immunoglobulin
- immunoglobulin replacement therapy
- primary immunodeficiency disease
- subcutaneous administration
- subcutaneous immunoglobulin